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John Manke is an active former Bay View resident who is involved in numerous neighborhood organizations, including the Bay View Historical Society, the Humboldt Park Fourth of July Association and the Shore Shore Farmers Market. He believes Bay View has a fine tradition in its past that we do not want to lose in the future.

Death of a Loved One

It is sad to see somebody everyday and know that they are near the end of their life. You are unable to do anything but make them comfortable. You can do all that you can to see that they have food to eat and fluids to drink, but often these are refused. 
Weakness slowly overcomes them. Each step toward the end brings more sadness because there is nothing that you can do about it. You are used to seeing this person in the best of health offering to help you in any need of yours. Their love for people is great. Their cooking skills and volunteering to help others was outstanding. They did everything possible to help their loved ones while they were active. Their love knew no bounds. 
Now you can only see the shell of the person that was there lying in bed, unable to do anything. Their depression is great because they now feel helpless. People visiting them bring some joy to them. Memories of the past always remain with them. 
As they fade in and out of sleeping, you wonder what they are thinking. Any time they request something, you try to honor that request. While sitting by them when they are sleeping, you remember all of the good times that you had together in the past. You remember how they raised their children. You remember how they became active in many organizations,  often in leadership roles. You remember how their house was always open to visitors
and friends. You remember all the favors that they did for you in the past. 
How can you pay them back at this time, when their time here will be so short. You love that person and want to help them in any way that you can. When their end comes,  you hope that it will be in their sleep without any pain. Visits by your clergy helps the family and person at this time very much. 
You wait and watch until the day of departure comes. 
When that happens, you break out in tears because this is final for now. The person is in the hands of the Lord now. You must comfort the family of the departed to ease their grief. You often wonder if you have done enough for the person who has passed on. The church has people to help us at this time. Your faith is your greatest hope at this time. Pray for the family and comfort them. In time,  things will return to normal activities as life goes on. 
You should live your life every day as a gift of the Lord and treat each day as a gift of God. You never know when your turn to go will come.

A visit to Presque Isle in the 1950s

Back in 1957,  my dad, an uncle and myself went on a trip to Presque Isle,  Wisconsin.  This area is close to Manitowish Waters in Vilas County.  We went to visit my uncle's brother up there.  Next door to his cottage,
a rich lobbyist from Madison, Wisconsin had a large vacation home.  We decided to go fishing on the the lake in the morning.  While we were fishing we hooked a giant log.  We were trying to figure out how to free our fishing hook from the log.  My aunt yelled to us from the shore saying that something was pulling our boat with four people in it.  A short time later, our hook was released from the giant log or muskie as it turned out to be.  Later on the muskie took another fisherman's hook and teased him before dropping off the hook and bobber near the shore.  That was my first encounter with a muskie.

The lobbyist had a wild son who could do no wrong.  In the woods near their home,  the family fed a local skunk with leftover food scraps.  The father told his son never to tease the skunk as it was not tame.  One day the father had a large amount of people over from Madison who were state politicians visiting him.  His son chose that day to tease the friendly skunk in their yard.  When the boy got home all full of sprayed skunk odor,  his father was furious.  Imagine coming home to house full of politicians while recently being sprayed by a skunk.  Well,  the men were lobbyist and politicians,  they should have been used to that kind of smell from their work in Madison.

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Local Bay View News in South Shore Now

On Thursday, as I read the South Shore Now Newspaper, I was looking for local Bay View news in print. I did not have a magnifying glass to find much, but there was one article on a business in Bay View there. There was no local police report, no local school news, no letters to the editor from Bay View, no sports  news from any of the Bay View schools, no stories about any local activities,  in fact so little news that this is a Bay View newspaper?

I wish that Nan Bialek was back to write some local news.  It is like ordering a glass of milk and only getting two drops of milk in the glass at full cost.  When the Bay Viewer was operational, a lot of local news was inside of the newspaper.  Bay View is alive and active.  If the people do not like what is happening,  perhaps the Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel will become one or two pages long to reflect all of the news that they want to print. 

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Relatives who have served during World War II

Several of my uncles served in the military during World War II.  When my dad was drafted he went down to Selective Service after having a few drinks.  He told them here I am as requested.  Now you can feed and take care of my five children.  They asked again, "How many children?"  He repeated his statement and then they told him to go home and take care of his own kids and to sober up.  They told him that he was inelgible due to the amount of kids he had. 

His brother, Alvin,  was a company clerk serving under General Patton.  His brother Ralph did not want to carry a rifle and kill people,  so he chose to be a medic to combat troops.  He was at Normandy on D-Day plus one.  He spoke about bulldozers being necessary to bury all of the dead soldiers on the beach at Normandy Beach.  He also spoke about seeing a church building that was burned to the ground with people inside of it.  He said that the Germans were guilty of a lot of atrocities in the war.  When they were camping out in the field,  DP's (Displaced Persons from other countries) were in the area begging for some of the soldier's K-rations.  Starvation was a common thing after and during the war.  Alvin did not talk very much about his experiences in the war. 

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The Bay View Centennial Walking Tour of 1979

The Bay View Centennial Walking Tour of 1979 was designed by John Utzat exclusively.  He also designed the Bay View walking tours.  He designed these tours in the 1970's with the goal of having them done for the centennial of the founding of the Village of Bay View.  This work was done before the Bay View Historical Society came into existance. The Bay View Centennial Walking Tour steering committee was chaired by Ray Ropel and had many members of the local community involved.  In 1979,  a steering committee to form a Bay View Historical society was established.  At the meeting,  John Utzat then a very popular historical columnist for the South Side Urban News,  "The Sun" proposed his idea for a centennial walking tour.  His suggestion was championed by Ray Bethke and became the goal of the steering committee.  A committee with members Ray Bethke,  Norene and James Veitch,  Hildegarde and Norm Hundt,  Vera and Lee Markussen,  Floyd Boyce,  Daisy Estes Tucker and John Utzat was formed.
  Ray Bethke, who had been a former director of the old Beulah Brinton Community Center in the heart of "Little Italy" served as chairman and spokesman of the walking tour committee.  The committee's function was to promote and coordinate the event which included 7 tour guides with voice guns, hand held loud speakers.  Sponsorship for the tour was provided by Ray Ropel,  who operated a Mobil  Service Station at
S. Clement and E. Oklahoma Avenues.

  Saturday,  August 25,  1979,  at South Shore Park Pavilion, at 5:30 PM,  assembled were Milwaukee County Executive Bill O'Donnell,  County Supervisor  Daniel Cupertino,  Alderman Clifford Draeger and Daniel Zilokowski along with a host of many other elected officials and dignitaries who accompanied the tour at its forefront.  The massive crowd  was greeted by John Utzat and Ray Bethke.  A plaque located in the park dedicated to the people of Bay View's past and its present residents.  Looking south from the top of the bluff at E. Russell Avenue across what is now Cupertino Park was a large mass of humanity.  At times sections of the tour were escorted by police department motorcycles with red lights.  At the triangle on S. St. Clair Street, the site of the original Beulah Brinton Community Center and the Puddler's Hall,  that was open to the centennial tour.  The triangle streets were filled by many people. The estimates of tour attendance came from the Milwaukee Police Department, and from Milwaukee County personnel.  The amounts of people were 8,000 at the tour and 5,000 at. the St. Clair  triangle.

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Trying to obtain a beautiful fur pelt

A man had come over here from the old country.  He was unaware of American fauna.  One day a guy told him that he could get a good price on a fur pelt that came from a black animal with a white stripe on its back.
He was also told it was easy to catch and there were plenty of these animals around.  One day while he was taking a walk after leaving work,  he saw the animal with the black and white stripe on it walking in the woods nearby.  The animal did not seem to be in a hurry to get away from him,  so he decided to approach it.  That was his big mistake.  The animal raised his tail and let loose of a large amount of smelly spray at him.  He could not understand why this animal reacted the way it did.  He had never heard of or seen a skunk before.  Now he knew that somebody was playing a mean joke on him.  He tried to get on a bus to go home,  since he did not drive a car.  The bus driver refused to let him on the bus because of his smell.  He later tried to get on other buses with the same result.  Then he tried to get a cab ride,  but no driver would allow him into his vehicle becuse of his smell.  Finally,   he had to call a friend to get a ride home.  He had a lot of explaining to do when he got home.  His wife did not appreciate the smell of her husband,  and had to work hard to remove it.  He also learned not to trust certain people in the future.  This was a lesson that he learned well.

   While I was taking a college speech class,  I had to write a sales speech.  It had to demonstrate a product,  show how it could be used,  show positive and negative facts about the product.  My choice of a topic was the product "O.S.".  I informed the class that this product could keep all of your possesions burgler proof.  If you appled to anything that you owned, that nobody would ever want to steal or take it.  Imagine making a fur coat unstealable or a new car the same.  You could put this product on your wallet or money and nobody would ever want to take it.  If they did take it , they would be easily caught.  These were the positive things about my product.  The negative things about my product would be that you yourself might not want to use the items that you protected with it.  You also might drive people away with the product.  As you guessed,  I got a low grade on my speech,  because the teacher thought that it was implausible to create such a product.  As you realize now,  "O.S." is Oil of Skunk.

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Fire Department -- A Class Act

Over the years,  I have met many firefighters.  At one time I ate in a firehouse as a guest for several years.  The one thing that I have noticed is that they do their job with dedication and dignity.  One movie that comes close to describing the firefighters's life is "Ladder 49".  These people work hard and become as a family.  When an emergency occurs,  the captain and lieutenant act as a mother hen to their people.  They always want and need to know where every person is at to determine if anyone is in harm's way.  When they
handle a medical emergency,  they do it with dignity.  Nobody can be embarrased by the way firefighters
handle your situation.  Every firefighter is an emergency medical technician  (EMT) and is trained like a medic
in the military to handle certain situations.

  Inside of the firehouse,  the firefighters live together as a closely knit group.  Sometimes practical jokes happen like a lieutenant finding five dead mice in his fireboots and the guilty party hitting his rack at night finding no bed springs in his bunk when he lies down.  Good humor comes with being closely knit.
Nothing serious ever happens in a practical joke,  like in the movie "Ladder 49".  When it comes down to life
and death situations,  you know that you can depend on your fellow firefighters at all times.  I would like to praise all of the firefighters everywhere for doing an outstanding job.  Some day one might save your life in an emergency.  Be glad that we have these people to protect us from all harm.  Many lives have been saved by firefighters at the scene of an auto accident.  The jaws of life that they use has pried many people from being trapped in their car after an accident.  Their medical skills have saved many peoples lives.  So if you ever meet a firefighter,  give them a salute for the great job that they do.

The Empty Church -- Chapter Two

 The first chapter begins with Pastor Otto Schmidt being a pastor of a large south side Lutheran Church. He was very close with his wife Erna Schmidt. One day Erna was diagnosed with terminal cancer. The story continues with his and her struggle with her illness.  After she passed away,  Pastor Otto was too depressed to continue as pastor of his church. He then went into Lutheran Social Services as a social worker.  One day
he decided to take a trip out into the country near Mauston, Wisconsin.  All of this took place during the 1950's.  While driving along on a small country road,  he spotted a beautiful old German Lutheran Church
that was built in the gothic style.  While exploring this unlocked church,  he found the church organ near the altar.  While trying to play some old German hymns that he and Erna loved,  he accidently triggered the outside loudspeaker system that broadcast his music to all of the nearby countryside.  The church was dark except near the altar,  so he never saw or heard people coming inside from the fields.  He wanted to see if he could still do the order of service as he did when he was pastor of his old church.  The leader of the congregation then came up to him.  He told Pastor Otto that their old pastor had passed away and they had no money to be able to call a new pastor.  Therefore they had to go to other churches about forty miles away.  He now knew that God had not forgotten him and also that Erna was still with him in spirit.  This could become his new church if the people would take him as there pastor.

 When Pastor Otto Schmidt got over the shock of being greeted in the church while trying to do the order of service, he seemed to welcome being a pastor again.  He told the church leaders that he was willing to be their pastor.  He did not need much pay.  It was like being back with his late wife Erna Schmidt again. Here were people who had a great need for a pastor,  and he was a pastor who needed to get back to his original
work.  When the church's late pastor died, it had left the congregation without a leader.  Otto had a good knowledge of German, so it was easy for him do the service that way. The younger members of the congregation had little care for the German service,  so Otto did an English service for them.  These people were farmers and had very little money.  The barter system was common out here.  If you did something for another person,  he would pay you back with his own services instead of using cash.

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Great Opportunities at Trowbridge Street School

I am a member of the Trowbridge Street School Planning Committee. Trowbridge now has a brand new Great Lakes Fresh Water Studies program. A curriculum has been written for kindergarten thru eighth grade students.

Classes and activities have already begun. Staff members have had a tour of the Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewer District plant and a tour ofLake Michigan. Students have started studying the Great Lakes and the importance of water. Students have walked down to observe Lake Michigan at South Shore Park. Trowbridge has a partnership with UWM, MSSD and United Water for the Great Lakes Water Studies program.

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The Major Seminary in St. Francis Wisconsin

Years ago, the Roman Catholic Church had its main home at St. Peter's Church downtown. As the building got to be too small to teach seminarians and hold services,  Bishop Henni and Father Salzman decided to build a larger seminary somewhere in Milwaukee. Both men went out to Europe and elsewhere to raise money and to secure first edition books for the new seminary. Father Heiss and Father Paulhuber stayed behind in Milwaukee to care for the church. Father Paulhuber had come from Austria to serve here. One day he went out and purchased land for about $56.00 that we now call Holy Hill. This land was located near Geldenstadt in the Town of Erin. He thought that this land resembled the hills of Austria, his old home. He felt that this land was perfect to build a new seminary on.  In the meantime, Father Heiss had obtained the land in which the seminary is now located. The two men had a huge fight over where to build the new seminary. They both agrred that Bishop Henni would decide on this matter. It was discovered that cream city clay was in the ground on the site near Lake Michigan. If a dock was built, then cream city bricks could be sold and shipped across Lake Michigan to other cities. The money raised from the sale of the bricks would help pay for archdiocese needs and also help pay for the new seminary buildings. The Seminary Woods was established to provide wood for the kilns to make the bricks. Therefore the Holy Hill site was not needed for the new seminary. Father Paulhuber returned to Austria in anger because of this issue of where to build the new seminary. In recent times, the old St. Peter's Church was first moved to the seminay grounds and later to Old World Wisconsin in Eagle, Wisconsin. Near the turn of the century, Bishop Heiss was called upon to dedicate the site of Holy Hill and bless it for the Roman Catholic Church. It is amazing, since he was the one who did not approve of this place as the site of the new seminary, and he was th one dedicating it. Father Jerry Hauser, retired priest, residing on the seminary grounds, is an expert on the history of the Major Seminary.

High hope for a great new year

Let us hope that this year will be great year for us all. There will be elections for many offices, including the President of the United States. This will be a good time to study all of the candidates for political office and decide which one you will vote for. Choose the person that you want, not just his party. Our candidates for office will have to serve the people who elect them. Every elgible voter should take the time and vote for the person that you want to be in each office. If every elgible voter uses the power of his vote, we could have some changes in who serves in each elected office. Durin election time, only a few people vote to decide all offices. Make this a year in which all elgible voters take the time to vote. You are the one who decides who should be elected. Use this power wisely and you will be proud of yourself. In some countries, not all of the people are allowed to vote. Be glad that you live in the United States of America.

A warning to drivers about children's snow forts

At this time of year, children want to build snow forts. If they are built too close to the curb, then they are in danger of being hit by a car or snow plow that is plowing the streets. Also, if the snow forts collapse, the children could smother in the snow. When we were kids, we used to build snow forts also. We were naive about the walls or ceiling collasping on us. Parents should always keep an eye on their kids to make sure that they are not in harm's way. When I hear about construction tunnels collasping on workers, I then think of children playing in the fields. Mine workers and construction workers build retaining walls to protect themselves. Kids do not do this. While we all like to play once in a while, we must be aware of the dangers that exist in the area that we are in. We can't replace our kids, therefore we must be careful with the ones we have. It is fun to play in the snow, but be aware of the dangers of strange areas. When going for a sled or tobaggan ride, be aware of any hidden rocks that could hurt riders or of streams of water that could cause a person to drown in some circumstances. If you hit a hidden rock, then you can get a dangerous head injury that needs immediate medical attention. Another thing to watch for is frost bite or getting too much of a chill while playing. Enjoy yourself this winter, but protect your children at all times and keep them safe from all dangers that can hurt them.  Be careful of traffic if you are near a road, because a car sliding out og control could cross the field of snow near you. If the snow on the curbs is too high to see any childen near the road, then drive slower to be able to stop in time if a child runs out in front of you. Have a fun winter and get closer with your own family. A close family is a loving family. Members of a loving family usually succeed in most things that they do together.  Please support the Bay View community.

How to haul away a deer killed in the woods

Here is a story that my dad told me a long time ago. 

During the late 1920's or early 1930's,  a man shot two deer out in the woods.  He was trying to figure out how to get these deer out of the woods to his car. He then came up with a brilliant idea.  He drove to the the game warden's office and told him that he found two deer that were shot recently lying out in the woods.  He felt that the deer should not be left out like that and should be brought in to the game warden's  office and processed there. 

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The Lion's Club is lookin for more members

The Lion's Club is holding a membership drive. They are looking for some civic minded citizens who are willing to donate some time and effort towars making the community a better place in which to live. Remember when you wanted to make a difference in the world. Help the Lion's Club rid the world of preventable blindness and make a difference in the world. Through membership, Lions not only help the people in need, but they have the chanct to make new friendships and to gain valuable leadership skills that can be used in their everyday work and life. Now you can be one of the largest volunteer groups in the world.

There are many Lion's Clubs in the Milwaukee area. You can join the close to your home or one that appeals to you. One of the goals of the Lion's Club is to help people with viion problems and to donate used eye glasses to needy people who can't afford to buy them. The Lions have supported this program since Helen Keller's call to the Lions in 1925 to be "Knights of the Blind". Today there are at least 60 Lions Eye Banks in 11 countries. The Club support of the Wisconsin Eye Bank and corneal transplant surgeries is one example of how Lions make a difference in the world.

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Old-time Automobiles and How They Have Changed

Do you remember when cars had no heaters as standard equipment?  If you wanted to have a radio,  you had to have somebody install it for you.  Car heaters could be installed as extra equipment if you needed one.  Turn signals were unheard of then.  Some cars would have a small fan installed to cool off the car in summer.  Some of the really old cars had hand cranks on them for starting the car.  Most of the military vehicles were known for not having heaters in them.  Power steering was unheard of.  Automatic transmissions did not come until after World War II.  Many cars had solid rubber tires on the vehicle.  Cars of today were only a dream in those days.  The old cars were heavy and manuvered easily in snow and ice.

Going up a hill on ice was different matter.  Most of the windshields were made of  two sheets of glass. Rear view and side view mirrors were things of the future.  Cars were mostly used for family trips and for vacation use.  Mass transportation was used more than ordinary cars.  You had to have some money to own and keep up a car.

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An Honorable Profession

When we are in bad times, we tend to think of the funeral homes as an unpopular profession.  These people are dedicated to helping people in their time of need.  Most of these people have knowledge of medicine,  psychology,  finance and other skills.  When they do their job,  it is with total respect to the family of the person that they are working with. 

One of the first things that they do is to test for a hidden pulse, and if they find one,  notify the nearest medical center for help.  They then clean and disinfect the remains. They then use their skills to embalm the remains. They talk to the family about their needs and wants in this matter.  They then obtain a photograph and final clothing for the remains.  After all of the necessary work is done,  they dress the remains and present them in a lifelike appearance for presentation. 

Earlier, when they have made all of the arrangements with the family,  the choice of a place of presentation is made and also a location for time and place of memorial service.  All of this work is done on a 24/7 basis.  They have to be on
call at all times.  I think that this is thankless job.  They do a wonderful job of helping people out in their time of need.

There is an urban legend that comes to mind on this subject.  At a south side funeral home,  the owner had a young assistant to do minor jobs at the place.  One day when the owner was very busy,  he told his young assistant to do a small job for him.  He was told to place a toupee on a man's remains before the presentation was made.  At the end of the day the owner went to examine the remains and fired his young assistant. It seems that the assistant used a thumb tack to attach the toupee to the head of the deceased. Now this story has to be just an urban legend,  but it has been around for a long time.

Remember,  the job of the funeral home is one of respect and dignity.  An urban legend like this would not have occurred with the dedication of the people that I know in the profession.  Choose the place of your own choice at your time of need.  This is your decision to make.  You will have to live with the results.  If you have any doubts about who to choose,  see a member of your clergy for assistance. This is a once in your life job to do with anybody. Do not panic.  You will have these memories for all time.

Letters to the editor

People should not be afraid to send a letter to the editor. Your input should be welcome at any newspaper. This is how you can express your thoughts to others in a public way. We need more local Bay View news to be printed. If your organization or club has something to announce, send a letter to the editor. If your school has special events happening, write about it. Let people know what is happening concerning your group. This is one of the best ways to get your mesage across to others. I know that many things are happening in your neighborhood. Let us know about it. You can help the flow of information concerning Bay View be more widespread. Please think about it. Please support the Bay View Community.

Making Old-Fashioned Bavarian Sauerkraut

Whenever we participate in a hot dog and bratwurst sale,  I am asked to make the sauerkraut.  I learned my recipe from my dad.  Everybody seems to like to eat it.


  • One very large can of sauerkraut
  • Caraway seed to mix into sauerkraut and neutralize it
  • Sugar or other sweeteners.  ( I use one cup of regular sugar and a pinch of raw sugar)
  • One slow cooker


  • Place contents of large can of sauerkraut into slow cooker
  • Turn slow cooker to high
  • Add caraway seed and sweeteners to sauerkraut.
  • Cook slowly for  about two hours and turn down slow cooker to medium or warm
  • Serve with either bratwurst of hot dog on a bun--some people eat the sauerkraut in a bowl

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Winter Wonderland in Bay View

When it snows outside,  I think of that small snow storm that we had in 1947,  that crippled the City of Milwaukee. It seems that in 1947,  World War II was over,  but Milwaukee did not have enough snow plows to handle all of the snow that came down.  Streetcars were stranded due to unplowed streets.  Some people had to climb out upstairs windows to get out of their house.  The few cars that made it to the street were abandoned when their drivers became stuck in the snow.  Grocery stores ran short on food supplies.  It was
difficult for anybody to make it to a hospital.  I stated that it was a small snow storm,  because Milwaukee does not ever have any BIG problems,  or do they?  After the small storm,  the City of Milwaukee went out and purchased some snow plows and garbage trucks to prevent a small storm like that from crippling the city again.  

In Bay View,  the people helped out each other.  Neighbors were like family members to all.  As a team many
streets were taken care of with hard manual labor.  People checked on elderly people to see if they needed any assistance.  There were plenty of ashes and clinkers from coal furnaces to melt some of the snow and ice.  One by one,  cars were freed from their trapped locations. People shared food with their neighbors due to the food shortages at the local grocery stores.  It took a while for delivery trucks to resume bring needed supplies to the neighborhoods.  Now you have an idea why I like the Bay View area so much.  With people like these living in the area,  you knew that you were safe.  No area is perfect,  but I like the Bay View area.
By St. Lucas Evangelical Lutheran Church at 2605 S. Kinnickinnic Avenue,  many streetcars were unable to climb the steep hill nearby.  Now in the present time we use salt to clear the roads of ice and snow.  If we still had coal furnaces,  the coal ashes and clinkers would  do less environment damage than the salt does now.
A mixture of salt and sand is needed to really protect us from icey conditions.  Remember that if it snows outside,  we won't have to relive the "small" snow storm of 1947.  Take the time to visit your neighbor and try to work together as we did in the past.  Not all old things are bad.  

Take the time to enjoy your children and grandchildren

 As we get older, we should take the time to visit and watch our children and grandchildren in their activities. As times go on they will get older and perhaps we will be gone by then. Now is the time to enjoy the kids while they are still beginning their life activities. Enjoy their smiles and joy as they participate in sports and other youth activities. Calm their fears when they have a hard time while do activities. Remember, you were young once yourself. When they join a church choir, take the time to watch them sing. If they play sports, take the time to cheer them on. When they get older, they will remember all of the times that you supported them in both good times and bad times. This your legacy. Enjoy the kids while you can. Your example will reflect on them in their future. Set a good example with your support of them. Every picture in your photo album is a moment frozen in time. Take pictures of the kids to remind them of their youth when they get older. Examine your old photos, and see what events happened in your past. Live each day as a gift of the Lord.

An old cash crop now banned by law

 From the beginning of American history,  we are told of a cash crop that was raised to help in the defense of our country and also to help farmers and industry.  Hemp was this cash crop.  We used it to make strong ropes for our ships and many other purposes. 

If you read history stories from the past,  you will find that hemp was grown in most places in the country.  Until after the Korean War,  this crop was very common.  It was discovered that hemp had another purpose besides being made into ropes.  It was made into a drug called marijuana.  Marijuana could be used for valid medical purposes.  It helps with glaucoma by relieving the pressure that would destroy the eyes and cause blindness.  If somebody has cancer,  it can be used to relieve the nausea that comes from chemotherapy. 

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Is there a better ice melter than salt?

When it gets very cold outside, salt does not always melt the ice on sidewalks. Sand is sometimes better than salt at melting ice. Kitty litter can work and it will not hurt the soil composition. A mixture of salt and sand can work better than salt or sand alone. In the old days, we used the ashes from the kitchen stove and coal furnace to fight the ice. This material is no longer available to us in large quantities to use. The salt that we use will eventually effect our water supply that we drink. Somewhere out there we must have something that will not damage our water supply or soil composition. We should ask our universities to discover a better solution than salt to melt the ice on our streets and our sidewalks. Whatever they discover must be able to do the job without damaging our environment. Kitty litter is one solution, but it can confuse our cats. Sand can work, but it weakens our soil composition. I hope that somebody out there can suggest a  better solution to this problem, than I can. Please send in any of your suggestions to me at I am curious to know if there is a good answer to my problem of not using salt to remove ice.

Protect and finance our public schools

 In recent times we have been given mandates, like "No child left behind" by the federal government and various state mandates concerning education and our schools. The problem is that there is no money behind these programs, and local taxes are becoming too great for the people to handle. As a result, the quality of our schools is being strangled by these mandates without financial backing. If these programs are supposed to handled by the schools, why is there no money to back them up?  Our schools and teachers are starving for additional funding. Our schools are the life blood of our nation. Why can't we provide for them to keep up our good eduactional standards. Without funding, fine arts, physical education, and other programs that enrich our children are being tossed aside due to financial concerns. We should educate the whole child into the things of this world. A well educated child is an asset to us. Does the rest of the world laugh at us because we are providing educated children who have lacked the chance to learn the fine arts, sports and study of other languges in  one of the richest countries in the world. Please restore funding to our schools so that we can show the world that we care about our children. And to the state and federal governments, please do not mandate extra programs without the funding to go with them. Please protect and finance our public schools.

The Bay View Historical Society Invites You to their meetings

 The Bay View Historical Society,  of 2590 S. Superior Street,  invites all interested people to attend their meetings.  The meetings start at 7 PM and are held at the Beulah Brinton Community Center, 2555 S. Bay St. The meetings are scheduled on the first Monday of February, April, June, October and December. Elections are held at the October meeting. There are usually guest speakers to talk on various subjects at the meetings.  Refreshments are served after the meeting is completed. Mark Nitka is the president of the society and runs the meetings. If you contact him via the Bay View Historical Society web site, he will gladly answer any questions you have about the group. There are people from various age groups attending the meetings. Your input is gladly accepted. Look in the newspaper or on the BVHS web site for the list of speakers at our meetings. The door is always open, you are welcome to come inside. If you have the time, please join us when we meet.

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